The first Kia Cee’d; a five-door hatchback, by Kia Motors was first rolled out in the European markets in the year 2006. It was a landmark for the Kia Motors as it was a game changing model for the company. With its launch, Kia Motors was established as a serious contender to the well established brands. Cee’d bagged the 4th rank in the ‘Car of the Year’ category in Europe in 2007.
It was launched in 4 trims giving an option of 6-speed manual/automatic transmission in all the variants. It’s the only car that has an ‘apostrophe’ in its name. It is designed in Frankfurt, Germany & manufactured at Kia’s factory in Slovakia.
In 2007, Kia launched a 3-door version of the Cee’d named ‘Pro cee’d’ at Frankfurt Auto Show and the sales began in 2008. Initially, it was available only in the European markets. A global launch of Cee’d was not considered by Kia as Kia Forte, another hatchback by Kia, would face a direct competition from the Cee’d. However, in the year 2009 Cee’d was made available in the Iranian & South African markets through imports.
The Cee’d concept car, ‘Ex Cee’d’, premiered at the 2007 Salon de l’Automobiles in Geneva. It was based on the same platform as ‘Pro Cee’d’ but had all new exteriors and a folding roof. A diesel version of the Cee’d named ‘Eco Cee’d’, was launched with Smart Battery Power Management and regenerative braking. In 2008, Kia showcased the Hybrid version of the Cee’d at the Paris Auto Show. It featured an electric motor powered by a high-voltage battery behind the rear seats.
The second generation Cee’d will see a European launch in the second Quarter of 2012. The new Cee’d will wear a sporty look with a longer length than its predecessor. It is designed at Kia’s state-of-the-art R&D Centre at Namyang, Korea. It will feature a reduced windscreen angle, smooth covers beneath the central floor and engine along with a reduction in the cabin noise and fuel consumption. The added features will place it among the best-in-class.
The new Cee’d will be manufactured at Kia’s factory in Slovakia. It will be offered in a range of 10 exterior colors and will be available in petrol vis-à-vis diesel engine with a choice of 6-speed manual/automatic transmission.
Having clean drinking water should be the single most important priority for any family. Having a pure source of water supply ensures that your family stays clean from diseases and water borne contaminants. Most of the water filters nowadays do a pretty good job of removing all the contaminants from water but the ideal one should be that one which filters out microbes plus heavy metals. Most of the over counter water filters use multiple filtration processes. Electric, UV ray and basic filtration. Many filters also use a pure fiber filtration method such as the This one.
Using fiber based filter have their own distinctive advantages such as the taste of water. Many people complain that electric water purifiers have an artificial taste and some of them do use bromide filters. Which again adds to bromide to water. The important thing here is to get a water filter that doesn’t remove the taste but at the same time removes chlorine and microbes from water. Candle based water filters do the same thing. The filtration process is the same process as used by roman’s ie gravity based filtration. Some of the advantage of gravity based water filters are
1. Retains the natural taste of water
2. Needs no electricity
3. Efficient and high portability
Many aid agencies across the world use gravity based water filters. The American red cross, united nations and hurricane aid agencies use the very same gravity based water filters. The main advantages of using these filters is very obvious, Low cost, zero maintenance and of course portability.
Fences are great landscaping barriers that mark a property owner’s boundaries. That doesn’t mean that it cannot be useful, economical, environmentally durable, or pleasing to the eye. Choosing the right fencing can add enormous value to the property. It is always better to have some type of fencing than no fencing at all. There are many different types of fences to match differing needs.
Barbed Wire Fences
These are made of thick ropes of wire with short and very sharp pointed pieces jutting out at certain points along the wire. This type of fence may be used on a farm to keep livestock in and intruders out. This is considered to be a serious deterrent as to get near barbed wire will almost always guarantee cuts and scratches. It is consistently suggested that one must work with thick gloves and protective clothing when handling barbed wire. Most will still be left with some minor cuts and scratches. However, the protective gear will reduce the amount and severity of them. It is because of this feature that barbed wire is usually banned from use within suburban areas for private homes. Barbed wire is relatively inexpensive, yet durable.
Cedar Wood Fences
These are made from the aromatic wood of the cedar tree. This makes the cedar impervious to termite infestation. And this is a highly desirable aspect for home property. Cedar is considered to be the more attractive of all of the other fencing materials as it truly gives off a polished look to property. Cedar wood fences are the easiest to stain, which opens up color options. It is also a highly desirable wood material as it is environmentally durable. Cedar wood fences would be considered to be something of a luxury though as naturally occurring attributes bring the cost up.
These are usually galvanized (zinc coating) for longevity and durability. They can also be painted and repainted. These fences are another attractive fencing option. The designs can be quite intricate and detailed because of the flexibility of the material. This gives properly owners many options for setting down a pleasing barrier. The cost can be moderate to high, depending on the detailing of the fencing being used on the property.
These are very similar to steel fences in that these may be painted. The materials are much less expensive that steel fencing though. This makes for a more affordable, yet durable fencing option.
These are made of wrought iron, which has been used for generations, giving a distinguished look to the property. Everyone loves the look and feel of an elaborate wrought iron fence. These classic fences are considered to be high-end and usually a bit more expensive.
These fences are among the least expensive and really work towards establishing a perimeter. They are easy and fast to put up, and down, if necessary. The chain-link fence is probably the most common fence being used today.
PVC or Vinyl Fences
These fences are specially made with poly-vinyl chloride and can be treated with UV protectant, titanium dioxide. These are the most durable fences, as they do not require the same maintenance regimen as other types of fences available. They come in an assortment of colors and looks. They can even be made to look like wood. These fences are also quite affordable.
Maintenance Free Advantage
There is nothing like being able to enjoy the comforts of one’s own home and property. Being able to relax on the deck, all day, is one of these joys. On a beautiful day, there is hardly any other place a person may want to be. However, a drawback to owning property is the maintenance of that property. All chores associated with maintaining a home may be the stuff that dreams are made of for the more ambitious do-it-yourselfer. Not really the case for others though.To not have to worry about the care and upkeep of a particular home feature is considered to be a blessing to most. Poly-vinyl chloride decks provide such advantages.
Poly-vinyl Chloride, otherwise known as PVC, decks offer the most protection for the least amount of maintenance. These are resistant to the normal wear and tear associated with other fencing materials on the market today. Because of this quality, there have been predictions of a boom in PVC decks to account for at least 25% of all decks in America this year. That is a huge jump away from the traditional wooden decks that have dominated the industry for decades.
PVC is made out of materials that render it resistant to mold, rust, and minor scratches. The cleaning of this material is extremely simple, as only a stern washing from a garden hose, with perhaps some mild detergent, needs to be used from time to time. It does not produce splinters, so it may be touched without fear. There is also a large assortment to choose from. They come in different colors and texture types. Some may look like wood or other materials.
PVC decks do not need be stained, water-sealed or weather proofed. It will not fade out in the sun, swell in the heat or the rain, or deteriorate in the cold weather. These decks will last for years and years. And these are highly affordable as well. When comparing the costs of maintaining other types of deck materials, the PVC decks will do better every time.
Another advantage is the fact that the PVC decks are made out of man made materials. They do not contain any wood and are considered to be a green product.It is an environmentally safe material that does not require the use of wood. They are maintenance free, which cuts down on overall home repairing costs. They are easy to clean, do not create splinters so they are easy and safe to work, relax, and play around. They will outlast most other decks, all while looking and feeling the same as when it was first purchased. These advantages puts PVC decks a step up above the rest.
Also see: Kitchen & bathroom remodeling chicago